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Chemicals We Know

Laurie

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blog-0521899001379292043.pngSodium Hypochlorite:

Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaOCl. Sodium hypochlorite

solution, commonly known as bleach, is frequently used as a disinfectant and as a

bleaching agent.

Sodium Hydroxide:

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as lye or caustic soda or sodium hydrate, is a

caustic metallic base. Forming a strongly alkaline solution when dissolved in a solvent such

as water, caustic soda is widely used in many industries, mostly as a strong chemical base

in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents.

Worldwide production in 1998 was around 45 million tonnes. Sodium hydroxide is also the

most common base used in chemical laboratories, and it is also widely used as a

drain cleaner.

Trisodium Phosphate:

Trisodium phosphate (TSP), available at most hardware stores in white powder form, is a

cleaning agent, stain remover and degreaser, commonly used to prepare surfaces for

painting. It can also be called trisodium orthophosphate and has the chemical formula

Na3PO4. It is a highly water-soluble ionic salt. Solutions of it dissolved in water have an

alkaline pH.

Sodium Percarbonate:

Sodium percarbonate is an addition compound of sodium carbonate and hydrogen peroxide

. It is a white crystalline water-soluble chemical compound. When dissolved into water, it

releases H2O2 and soda ash (sodium carbonate).Detergent or bleach compositions

formulated with sodium percarbonate have a strong stain removal capability. It is very

effective as a laundry presoak for heavily stained articles. It is color safe. It brightens colors

and prevents fabric from becoming yellowed or darkened. Sodium percarbonate is effective

as a disinfectant on both bacteria and viruses. New coating technologies have helped give

sodium percarbonate stability levels similar to sodium perborate's in detergent formulations

used at moderate temperatures.

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